# The Potential of Zero-Carbon Bunker Fuels in Developing Countries

Englert, D. et al., The World Bank Energy Solutions Shipping & Ports

The World Bank

These alternative fuels are known to produce very low, and ultimately zero, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions during their production, distribution, and use. They are called zero-carbon bunker fuels and encompass fuels which are "effectively zero" (that is, where the fuel is produced from zero-carbon electricity, for instance, hydrogen produced from solar or wind power), or “net-zero” (that is, where the production of the fuel removes a quantity of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere equivalent to that emitted during combustion, such as with biofuels).

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