Deep Dives
Thought-provoking research providing extensive learning opportunities

Executive Order on Tackling the Climate Crisis at Home and Abroad

President Joseph R. Biden Jr., The White House Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

The United States and the world face a profound climate crisis. We have a narrow moment to pursue action at home and abroad in order to avoid the most catastrophic impacts of that crisis and to seize the opportunity that tackling climate change presents.

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NOAA Report on the U.S. Marine Economy

Office for Coastal Management, NOAA Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

These reports examine the critically important economic contributions of the oceans and Great Lakes to the marine economy of the United States. 

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Global human-made mass exceeds all living biomass

Emily Elhacham et al., Nature Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

Here we quantify the human-made mass, referred to as ‘anthropogenic mass’, and compare it to the overall living biomass on Earth, which currently equals approximately 1.1 teratonnes. 

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Ocean Solutions That Benefit People, Nature and the Economy

Martin R. Stuchtey et al., The Ocean Panel Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

This report lays out the contours of a new relationship between the ocean and humanity. Building on the latest scientific research, analyses and debates from around the world, the report showcases a balanced model for ocean management that simultaneously achieves effective ocean protection, sustainable production and equitable prosperity.

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Coastal Development: Resilience, Restoration and Infrastructure Requirements

Andy Steven, et al., High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

This paper highlights trends in coastal behaviour and comments on the dynamics that weaken and strengthen coastlines, including infrastructure, shipping, tourism, and future development plans. The paper makes an economic and security case for resilient coastlines, examines trade-offs between restoration and infrastructure development and recommends new models for shipping and tourism.

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Living Planet Report 2020: Bending the Curve of Biodiversity Loss

Almond, R.E.A., Grooten M. and Petersen, T. (Eds). WWF Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

Biodiversity – the rich diversity of life on Earth – is being lost at an alarming rate. This loss effects our own health and well-being. Today, catastrophic impacts for people and the planet loom closer than ever.

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Sustainable Ocean for All: Harnessing the Benefits of Sustainable Ocean Economies for Developing Countries

OECD, multiple co-authors Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

Adopting more sustainable ways of managing the ocean is a global priority: protecting its health will bring benefits to all.

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A sustainable ocean economy in 2030: Opportunities and challenges

The Economist Group, World Ocean Initiative Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

Drawing on the latest data and in-depth interviews with leading experts in government, business, finance and conservation, this report provides valuable insights for all stakeholders working to achieve a sustainable ocean economy.

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A Sustainable Ocean Economy for 2050: Approximating Its Benefits and Costs

Manaswita Konar and Helen Ding Secretariat of the High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy, World Resources Institute Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

The ocean faces urgent environmental challenges, but taking action to protect oceanbased ecosystems and ensuring the environmental sustainability of ocean-based activities will help deliver a whole host of benefits to society. The key question is how these benefits compare to the costs of action.

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A transition to sustainable ocean governance

Rudolph TB., et al., Nature Communications Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

A new relationship between humanity and the ocean is required to secure the continuity of the diverse life support roles provided by the sea. Ocean governance faces the challenge of reflecting the multi-dimensional and interconnected role that the ocean plays in environmental health, economic prosperity and human well-being including justice and equity.

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The Value of Restored UK Seas

Teresa Fenn et al., WWF Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

Our study attempts to value the economic benefits of an “ocean recovery” scenario based on ambitious action in these four areas between now and 2050, compared to what would happen if current trends continue. But these values are an underestimate: we haven’t attempted to model all the potential benefits, and of course it’s impossible to assign an economic value to the joys and delights our seas give us.

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PODCAST/WEBINAR: Seeing the Ocean as a Solution, Not a Victim

Nicholas Walton Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

The ocean has great potential to become a solution, but only if there's the political will to build a strong ocean economy. 

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Business for Ocean Sustainability

One Ocean Foundation Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

The ocean matters and has widespread implications beyond the ocean itself.

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The Business Case for Marine Protection and Conservation

Friends of Ocean Action Impact Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

Friends of Ocean Action Impact Report: The Business Case for Marine Protection and Conservation

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Increasing finance for a healthy ocean

The Friends of Ocean Action Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

The Ocean Finance Handbook, is a guide to support an increase in finance flowing towards the sustainable blue economy. The Handbook provides a key resource to enhance understanding of finance for a healthy ocean and generate conversations between financial institutions and marine-based businesses, conservation professionals and ocean project managers.

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A Path to Creating the First Generation of High Seas Protected Areas

Pew Research Center Tourism

Science-based method highlights 10 sites that would help safeguard biodiversity beyond national waters

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The Ocean as a Solution to Climate Change

Ove Hoegh-Guldberg Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

The HLP report offers the first comprehensive, integrated assessment of the mitigation potential of a suite of ocean-based activities: renewable energy, transport, food production, and ecosystems, and the potential future contribution from carbon storage if current concerns can be resolved.

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Fourth National Climate Assessment

Reidmiller, D.R. et al., U.S. Global Change Research Program Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

Volume II: Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States.

The National Climate Assessment (NCA) assesses the science of climate change and variability and its impacts across the United States, now and throughout this century.

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The Potential of the Blue Economy: Increasing Long-term Benefits of the Sustainable Use of Marine Resources for Small Island Developing States and Coastal Least Developed Countries

World Bank and United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Fisheries & Aquaculture Shipping & Ports Tourism

This report was drafted by a working group of United Nations entities, the World Bank, and other stakeholders to suggest a common understanding of the blue economy; to highlight the importance of such an approach, particularly for small island developing states and coastal least developed countries; to identify some of the key challenges its adoption poses; and to suggest some broad next steps that are called for in order to ensure its implementation.

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The Ocean Economy in 2030

OECD Energy Solutions Fisheries & Aquaculture Plastics & Pollution Shipping & Ports Tourism

This report explores the growth prospects for the ocean economy, its capacity for future employment creation and innovation, and its role in addressing global challenges. Special attention is devoted to the emerging ocean-based industries.

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