Nature-based solutions to mitigating climate change can also bring much wider benefits: for biodiversity, for local communities, and for resilience. This is achieved through the provision of ecosystem services, such as flood defence, opportunities for tourism, or habitats for fish nurseries. Through these co-benefits, blue carbon projects based on nature-based solutions represent ‘win-win’ scenarios, but challenges and knowledge gaps remain in how best to bring these projects to the scale needed for effective climate mitigation. Connecting with carbon markets and the wider worlds of finance and policy are key challenges for blue carbon initiatives.
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